Green soap, along with other soaps obtained by alkaline hydrolysis of fats, refers to anionic detergents. The product is positioned as a potash antiseptic detergent, irritant, insecticidal and fungicidal, antidote, therefore, it is widely used in gardening.
Green soap: description and composition of the product
The soap is represented by a soft dark brown or greenish mass with a faint soapy odor. The substance is easily soluble both in water and in alcohol-containing liquids. The aqueous solution is characterized by slight turbidity, foaming and alkaline reaction.
The composition is represented by animal fats, potassium salts of fatty acids, natural vegetable oils and water. As animal fats, manufacturers most often prefer to use solid fats from cattle or sheep. In the form of vegetable oils, soybean and sunflower oils are used.
Green soap: instructions for use
An environmentally friendly preparation is widely used by domestic gardeners and florists in protecting pests from fruit plantations, garden crops and indoor plants. The effectiveness of such a tool in the prevention and treatment of thrips, scale insects, aphids, bedbugs, slobber-pennies has long been proven in practice. Can be used against spider mites. Low efficiency is observed when protecting plants from whiteflies and mealybugs.
How to use potash soap to kill pests
Before diluting the product, the container with the composition must be shaken intensively enough. Intuitive instructions are attached to each drug, in accordance with which dilution is carried out.
Green soap: application
The soap solution has proven itself in mixtures with herbal infusions, as well as tobacco and other plant fungicides. In this case, it is recommended to use the following concentrations:
- against plant aphids and spider mites, a solution based on 200-400 g of green soap and a bucket of room temperature water is used;
- against damage by scutes, a solution based on 200-300 g of green soap and a bucket of water at room temperature is used;
- against bugs, a solution based on four parts of potassium soap, one part of turpentine, two parts of kerosene and twelve parts of room temperature water is used.
A standard and quite effective is the proportion of a quarter kilogram per bucket of warm water. Processing is performed no more than three times with a weekly interval. A smaller proportion of soap is used in preventive measures. More insecticidal substance is used for treatment. Experienced gardeners and amateur gardeners recommend spraying plants immediately after insecticidal treatment, which helps to effectively "fix the result."
Features and effectiveness of treatment for plant diseases
Green soap in the prevention and treatment of many diseases is used in the compositions of highly effective mixtures based on copper sulfate. This combination can significantly enhance the antifungal effect of the solution.
For this purpose, a quarter kilogram of soap is required to be diluted in a bucket of water at room temperature, and 25 g of copper-containing agent is diluted in a couple of liters of relatively hot water. At the final stage of preparation, a copper-containing agent is slowly poured into the soap solution with thorough stirring. Spraying the aerial parts of horticultural crops is carried out three times a month. Processing is carried out in dry, sunny, calm and cloudy weather.
Treatment with fungicidal green soap of indoor plants
Soap solutions are quite successfully used in indoor floriculture for the prevention and treatment of flowering and ornamental foliage plants. For this purpose, it is recommended to use a solution based on a liter of water at room temperature with the addition of a tablespoon of fungicide to spray the aerial part of indoor crops.
Green soap from pests: reviews of gardeners
As numerous reviews show, the tool has proven itself in the cultivation of orchids and is widely used as a prophylactic solution on flower beds with decorative perennials and annual crops. Also with this solution you can treat the berries including raspberries, currants, gooseberries, chokeberries and vines.
For this purpose, an emulsion is prepared on the basis of 40-50 g of soap and a liter of boiling water. Pure water is added to the mixture that has cooled to room temperature with constant stirring, which allows you to get a solution for spraying fruit trees, berry bushes and garden crops in the evening or cloudy, but not rainy weather. Processing with a 1% solution prevents the defeat of such common garden diseases, such as scab, rust, powdery mildew and late blight.
Tobacco-soap solutions are used to protect against sucking plant parasites. based on kilograms of tobacco waste and a bucket of hot water. The mixture is infused for a day, and then filtered. In a couple of liters of solution, you need to add 10 liters of warm water and 20-25 g of soap. It can be used as an additional active component infusion of wood ash.
A very good effect is obtained by infusion based on 20 g of mustard powder, a quarter kilogram of green soap and 10 liters of room temperature water. In the resulting infusion, it is required to pour 20 g of copper sulfate in the process of constant stirring. A similar solution is also effective for spraying the aerial parts of indoor flowering and decorative foliage crops.
Green Orchid Soap
Green soap can be added to ready-made working solutions based on pesticides, herbal infusions and decoctions in order to enhance preventive and therapeutic properties. However, such a fungicidal agent is not recommended to supplement any fertilizer formulations for spraying with the purpose of foliar feeding, as well as to the phytohormones represented by Epin and Zircon.