Various types of cabbage can be found on almost any garden plot. All types and varieties of this vegetable crop are useful, and they are used fresh in salads, when preparing first or second courses, and salted or pickled cabbage is also very useful.
Types of cabbage and its varieties
In modern markets you can find many types and varieties of this wonderful vegetable. Among them there are both natural varieties and hybrids. All of them differ from each other in appearance, properties, methods of cultivation.
Most varieties of cabbage belong to two-year vegetable crops. In the first season, heads of cabbage or stalks with foliage grow, and in the next season, full ripening takes place from the appearance of flowers to the formation of seeds. But among all types of culture there is an exception - this cauliflower, which is an annual plant.
All types of this vegetable crop can be divided into three main types:
- heading out. A head of cabbage is a sprawling, well-developed apical kidney that is very complex in structure. In the center of the kidney, a rod is first formed around which the fetus grows. Headscapes are the most common of all varieties of this vegetable. And everything is eaten as food, except for the central core;
- leafy. In these species, foliage is the basis. It grows from the stem. Inside the foliage there is no rod base, as in the migrated species. These types of cabbage are eaten whole;
- Cauliflower, broccoli belong to color. The heads of this vegetable are formed from small flower stems branching as the plant grows. Flower-bearing shoots are a huge number of formations similar to a souffle. The shape of such heads is uneven.
Types of cabbage
Savoy cabbage - This is one of the head of the species, similar to the white in shape of the head and color. This species has a more intense head color - rich green, and the foliage itself is slightly compressed. These heads are not as dense as those of the white one, and the foliage is more delicate in taste.
The vegetable is replete with protein, as well as a large number of vitamins. It is used to prepare first and second courses, and the taste of the vegetable is soft and delicate.
Early ripening grade
What happens red cabbage
This type of cabbage has purple-red foliage. The cabbage heads themselves are highly dense and perfectly stored during the winter.
Medium early maturity
Broccoli: cauliflower-like cabbage
Broccoli often confused with a colored variety of vegetable. The main difference between broccoli cabbage is the color of the heads, light emerald. The heads of the vegetable grow on the ends of the stems in the form of small rounded balls of inflorescences.
Broccoli has successfully found application in the preparation of many drugs in cosmetology, pharmacology and traditional medicine. It can be eaten in different forms. The beneficial substances that make up its composition help with cardiovascular diseases and soothe the nervous system.
Early ripening grade
Late ripening variety
Brussels cabbage belongs to the headed varieties. At the heart of this vegetable is a tall stalk on which small rounded heads grow - fruits similar to white cabbage, only reduced in size.
How to grow brussel sprouts
Where is grown
Kohlrabi is the most popular representative of leafy species of this vegetable crop among vegetable growers. Foliage grows on her top of the stem, forming an ovary. This variety looks beautiful on the garden, and by its taste has won recognition from a large number of gardeners.
The composition of this vegetable includes protein, calcium, glucose, a large amount of vitamin C. Kohlrabi is used in the preparation of salads, or simply cut into strips and eat.
Vienna White 1350
The heads of this variety are extremely delicate, of unusual shape, but have a great taste. The surface is not smooth due to the many branched "branches". It consists of vitamins of almost all groups, a large amount of protein, various minerals, as well as macro- and microelements. This species requires attention and good care. Also cauliflower heads are usually sheltered from direct sunlight so that they do not fade in the sun.
A variety of dishes are prepared from cauliflower: it can be fried, stewed, consumed in boiled or steamed form. It is especially useful to eat this vegetable for those who have problems with the gastrointestinal tract.
Lettuce popular in the central regions of Europe. Fruits have an oblong shape, and their shape is not dense. At the stem, the leaves are more densely pressed against each other than at the end of the fruit.
The main advantage of this species is that vitamin C, which is part of the leaves, remains for a long time. Use this kale for cooking salads, mainly.
The leafy appearance of cabbage, attracting the appearance of its leaves - they are corrugated, have a pale green color. It is a useful addition to the human diet, as it contains minerals, a large amount of vitamins, as well as essential trace elements and other beneficial amino acids. In gardens, it is grown in the eastern regions of our country. It is eaten only fresh. The main disadvantage of this type is its short shelf life.
Average ripening period
Siberian cabbage kale
Round white cabbage
This heady species is very useful for the human body. The composition of this cabbage includes fiber, carotene, vitamins of groups B and C, some mineral elements. Freshly squeezed juice is used to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, to relieve swelling. but most vitamin C is found in sauerkraut. It is in it that this vitamin is stored for a long time and is not destroyed.
General requirements for the cultivation of all varieties of cabbage
Almost all varieties of cabbage in the middle and more northern latitudes of our country are grown in seedlings. In this case, you can get earlier harvests of any kind of vegetable.
The most capricious is cauliflower, which is the most heat-loving of all types of this vegetable crop. It is also demanding on the composition of the soil, watering and fertilizing.
Typically, cabbage seedlings planted in open ground should be regularly watered to prevent stagnation of water in the ground. After watering, the aisles should be loosened, while removing weeds.
Culture should be fed with organic matter, alternately replacing it with mineral fertilizers. It is better to apply liquid top dressing to the soil so that they are absorbed faster by plants.
How to plant cabbage
There are many types and varieties of cabbage, and each gardener will certainly find suitable ones. Many vegetable growers grow different types and varieties of the described vegetable crop in their plots at the same time: from early to late. Thus, at their table at any time of the season you can find these tasty and healthy vegetables.