Peperomia (Peperomia) - quite a popular and well-known flower grower in many countries, a perennial evergreen and herbaceous plant belonging to the family Pepper (Piperaceae). Tupolica, Magnolia leaves and other species are highly regarded as ornamental plants and are widely cultivated at home for the purpose of interior decoration.
Botanical Description of Peperomia
Peperomia foliage varies by species. Varieties with leathery, shriveled and shiny leaves, as well as species and varieties with small and thin leaves, are well known. Foliage staining can be of different intensity of green color. Some varieties also have brown, golden, silver-striped coloration. A characteristic difference of many varieties is the presence of whitish or yellow spots on the foliage, as well as the pattern in the form of stains.
Flowering ornamental plants occur in the spring-summer periodwhen a large number of peduncles with inflorescences in the form of ears appears above the foliage. Flowering culture is very attractive and serves as an excellent option for interior decoration. After flowering, the fruits ripen, represented by small and dry berries that can easily be separated from touching. The average height of an adult ornamental plant, depending on the species, can vary between 15-50 cm.
How to care for peperomia
The names of the most common and well-known species gardeners-lovers are not too numerous. Nevertheless, lovers of exotic ornamental plants have a great opportunity, having familiarized themselves with their description and botanical characteristics, to choose the variety most suitable for landscaping, and the quick propagation by cuttings makes the culture very attractive for indoor floriculture.
|View name||Plant characteristics||Foliage description|
|Magnolia leaf peperomy (P.magnoliaefolia)||A plant with fairly abundant branching, has a straight or ascending, fleshy type reddish stem part||Regular arrangement, with shortened petioles, round or obovate elliptical in shape with a notched apical part and tapered tapered at the base|
|Velvety (P.velutina)||The stem part is pubescent, straight, vertically located, dark red||Leaves are rounded, green, with light green veins, glabrous or with pubescence, alternately arranged|
|Kluzielistnaya (P.rubella)||Creeping or grassy-looking stem part with sufficient foliage||The foliage is dense, petiolate, of a sedentary type, dark green with a reddish tint, located next to it. Framing is purple. The apical part is obtuse, and the base is wedge-shaped|
|Headache (P.glabella)||Ampel ornamental plant with drooping or creeping shoots||The leaves are quite wide, oval in shape, painted in bright green color.|
|Peresial (P.pereskiafolia)||The culture has long ascending or lodging, rooting and blunt-ribbed stems||The foliage is hard, leathery, dark green, collected in whorls, elliptical or round-rhomboid, with a blunt apical part and three veins of arc-shaped|
|Whorled (P.verticillata)||Ampel form with hanging well-developed shoots||Foliage grayish-green, round-rhombic, fleshy, whorled|
|Multi-spotted (P.maculosa)||Grassy highly decorative perennial with green shoots, on the surface of which brownish spots are located||The foliage is dark green, egg-shaped, relatively dense, with a shiny surface and whitish veins|
|Reddish (P.rubella)||Perennial, highly branched crop with thin red shoots||Foliage is represented by two pairs of oppositely arranged leaves, the upper part of which is green and the lower is red. Small-leaved highly decorative option.|
|Marble (P.marmorata)||Low-growing perennial, herbaceous plant with a dense crown||Small foliage rounded oval, marbled green, located on short petioles|
|Creeping (P.serpens)||Perennial epiphytic culture with lying or drooping, straight shoots||Foliage of the next arrangement, broadly egg-shaped, with a heart-shaped base, can be green or variegated|
|Pleasant (P.blanda)||Highly decorative perennial with shoots that are densely covered with relatively small hairs||Foliage of the opposite or almost whorled arrangement, solid, oval, green on top and reddish staining on the bottom|
|Gray-haired (P.incana)||Herbaceous type perennial or semi-shrub ornamental plant with shoots of densely covered hairs||Round-shaped foliage, dense, covered with whitish hairs on a green leaf plate, tapering at the apex|
|Silver (P.argentea)||A compact type perennial ornamental plant with a shortened stem part||The ovoid foliage has long dark purple petioles. The apical part is short-pointed. Arched veins are present on the leaves.|
|Highly decorative culture with long and drooping shoots||The foliage is small, very dense, forming a lush and attractive crown|
|Shriveled (P.caperata)||Highly decorative and very attractive, miniature type perennial bush form||The leaves are small, dark green, corrugated, located on long stalks.|
|Tupolevic peperomy (P.obtusifolia)||Grassy type perennial ornamental culture with underexposed shoots||Dark green in color, fleshy and dense petiolate foliage, alternately located, ovate, narrowing at the base and widening at the apex|
Common varieties and species
Decorative room culture peperomia is relatively unpretentious, but the following types and varieties are especially popular among domestic flower growers:
- variety Caperata lilian (P.caperata Lillian) has an external resemblance to shriveled peperomia. The aerial part is compact, with heart-shaped foliage and inflorescences similar to lily flowers;
- variety pitted (P.puteolata) is a large erect shrub-like species reaching a height of 50 cm;
- variety variegated (P.obtusifolia variegata) is distinguished by the presence of large, fleshy leaves with an attractive cream border;
- variety Happy bean (P.Happy Bean) has an intricate foliage of an unusual bean-like shape that grows very densely and densely, forming leaf rosettes;
- variety Green Gold (R.grin-gold) has a bushy shape and attractive foliage, therefore it can serve as a graceful and attractive interior decoration;
- peperomy watermelon (P.watermelon) is distinguished by a very original coloring of foliage and has leaves, on the surface of which light green and dark green stripes alternating resembling the peel of a watermelon alternate;
- peperomy Rosso (P. Rosso) is represented by a small bushy plant, not more than 20-25 cm high, with tightly pressed to each other, bunches of dark green leaves with a burgundy red leaf reverse.
How to propagate peperomia
Somewhat less common in indoor floriculture in our country are the peperomia of Ferreira Cristat and Pixie, as well as The following highly decorative varieties:
- P.caperata Emerald Ripple or Emerald Ripple;
- P.clusiifolia variegate or "Clusiepholia variegate";
- P.caperataSchumi or "Shumi"
- P.columella or "Columella";
- P.dolabriformis or "Dolbriformis";
- P.ferreyrae f. Cristata or "Cristata";
- P.graveolens or Graveolens;
- P.griseoargentia Griseoargentia;
- P.incana "Incana";
- P.marmorata or Marmorata;
- P.nivalis or "Nivalis";
- P.orba or "Orba";
- P.pereskiifolia or "Pereskifolia";
- P.rotundifolia or "rotundifolia";
- P.polybotrya or Polybotria;
- P.tetraphylla or Tetrafilla;
- P.verticillata or "Verticillata".
Quite often in flower shops there are decorative cultures, in the name of which the word "mix" is used, which means mixing or mixing in English. Thus, "peperomia mix ", is just a mixture of the various species and varieties of this houseplantTherefore, when caring for such a culture, you need to adhere to general recommendations. The main condition for proper cultivation is to maintain humidity within 50-60% and a comfortable temperature for the normal development of a houseplant at a level of 20-22 ° C.
According to the Feng Shui doctrine, popular in our country, peperomia of any kind and variety has a very beneficial effect on the atmosphere of the room, and relative unpretentiousness makes this evergreen decorative culture very popular in home floriculture, both in our country and abroad.