Ripsalis belong to the genus of epiphytic cacti, which grow well enough at home and absolutely do not need any special careful care. All typical representatives of such cacti in indoor floriculture are most often called mistletoe-cacti, and numerous species successfully combine undemanding to growing conditions and high decorativeness.
Ripsalis: a botanical description
The genus Ripsalis (Rhipsalis Gaertn.) Has about sixty species that belong to the cactus family. Homeland decorative perennial are tropical forests in Brazil. Morphological characteristics can be very variable. The aerial part of the plant can be more or less erect or spreading.
The main forms are rounded, angular and flat, quite juicy stem part. Most species do not have spines. Flowering is relatively rare. The flower is small, with a diameter of about a centimeter, white or whitish yellow. The only red-flowered species is known. The fruits are whitish, pink, red or yellow berries.
Ripsalis care at home
To obtain flowering, room culture needs to provide bright and diffuse lighting on the windows of the eastern direction. In the summer, a potted plant can be taken outside, shading from direct sunlight and protecting from atmospheric precipitation.
The stage of active flowering occurs in the spring-summer period., therefore, the plant will need abundant irrigation with settled water at room temperature. In the autumn months and winter, during the rest phase, irrigation measures need to be reduced, but strong soil drying should not be allowed.
Ripsalis need to be fed only in the spring-summer period, once every two weeks, with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers with a minimum amount of nitrogen. At the stage of active vegetation, decorative culture needs to provide a temperature regime in the range of 18-20aboutC. In winter, the temperature should be lowered to 14-15aboutFROM.
Description of Popular Views
Despite the fact that many types of ripsalis are able to grow exclusively in natural, natural conditions, some are quite well adapted for growing in indoor floriculture.
This species is a suspended succulent plant with sufficiently long and soft shoots. Indoor culture blooms very beautifully in the last decade of spring. Ripsalis Kassutha is characterized by the formation of drooping, cylindrical shoots, the length of which often reaches three meters. The flowers are greenish-white or whitish-cream color, fragrant. After flowering, red berries are formed.
Cereusculum ripsalis (R.cereuscula) has long and thin shoots, divided into short and fleshy, highly branching segments. Segments up to 10 cm long extend from the base of the plant, divided at the tops into smaller parts that are spread out in different directions. In winter, medium-sized, white-stained flowers with a slight pinkish tinge are formed. Petals are narrow, with a sharpening at the ends. Flowering is quite rare in indoor floriculture.
This species is especially often cultivated at home. The unpretentious indoor perennial has thin, jointed, hanging stem parts, due to which a very interesting and highly decorative effect is created. Flowering mix species is rare, small and inconspicuous flowers of whitish staining.
Domestic amateur gardeners often grow some other types of indoor ripsalis:
- Barchela (R burchellii) with primary stems 60 cm long and terminal stems up to 60-70 mm long with an average diameter of a couple of millimeters;
- hairy (R.capilliformis) - an ampelous ornamental plant well known by the grower that has soft and thin, branching stems and small, whitish flowers;
- Gobeliana (R.goebeliana) has stem rounded and flattened primary segments, as well as terminal segments up to 30 mm wide;
- curly (R.crispata) - bushy plant with wide leaf-shaped stem segments no more than 10-11 cm long;
- Lindbergh (R.lindbergiana) - has long and drooping shoots, which are represented by long primary and short secondary segments;
- mesembryanthemoid (R.mesembryanthemoides) - indoor perennial, resembling spruce branches with rounded secondary segments in appearance;
- rounded (R.teres) - refers to the category of strongly branching perennials having cylindrical erect and hanging shoots and small, yellowish-stained flowers;
- prismatic (R.prismatica) - a branching species that has a strong cylindrical stem with multifaceted shoots and whitish unattractive flowers;
- hollow (R. cassutha) - characterized by the presence of thin, jointed, hanging type shoots and small, not too attractive flowers.
How and when to transplant ripsalis
It is necessary to transplant the indoor culture of ripsalis not only in a timely manner, but also correctly, observing the following recommendations:
- transplantation is carried out only after complete flowering;
- the flower pot should be shallow;
- the planting substrate should be sufficiently loose and airy, based on sod and sheet soil, peat and brick crumbs, as well as medium-grained sand;
- it is allowed to use ready-made soils suitable for growing cacti for planting and replanting.
Young indoor plants need to be replanted annually, while older and larger specimens need replanting every three to four years. When transplanting, it is very important to rememberthat, regardless of the type, indoor ripsalis has a very weak root system and fragile shoots, so you need to carefully transplant the decorative perennial.
After the acquisition, the plant is recommended to be transplanted as soon as possible. This agrotechnical rule is due to the inability of the transporting soil to provide the decorative culture with adequate nutrition, which is necessary for the full growth and development at all stages of the growing season. Transplantation of a newly acquired plant can be performed regardless of the time of year.
Diseases and Pests
As a rule, gardeners do not have problems with growing epiphytic cacti at room conditions. Nevertheless, it is necessary to periodically inspect the decorative perennial in order to exclude the following lesions and damage:
- insufficient lighting causes blanching of the stem part of the plant, and provokes excessive elongation, as well as a significant deterioration in decorativeness;
- improper care can cause a violation of the formation in the aerial part of chlorophyll, the so-called chlorosis;
- all types of ripsalis react very painfully to excess salts in the soil substrate, as well as any changes in soil temperature in the flower pot;
- Excessive watering and waterlogging of the soil often become the main cause of damage to the root neck and root system of a perennial indoor rot;
- it is very dangerous to overmoisten the soil in a flower pot in late autumn or winter, when the plant does not need frequent and plentiful watering;
- relatively often, the aerial part of indoor decorative culture is affected by gray rot, in which there is a softening of the segments on the shoots. Such a disease causes excessive humidity in the room and inadequate air circulation.
From plant parasites, indoor ripsalis can be damaged by worms, which suck plant juices from the aboveground part. Minor pests can be removed with a damp cloth. In the event of a mass lesion, it will be necessary to treat the aerial part of the culture with anti-coccidic drugs.
Damage to the aerial part of a perennial indoor culture is somewhat less common. thrips and ticks, which are capable of causing a strong and clearly visible deformation of the flowers, as well as the stem part and foliage. If such damaging factors are detected, it is recommended to immediately treat the plant with systemic chemicals. During this period, all top dressing necessarily ceases, and categorically it is impossible to perform a transplant.
Varieties of Ripsalis
Indoor ripsalis are ampelous plants, the shoots of which consist of well-defined segment segments, and rightly belong to the category of unpretentious and highly decorative crops, popular among domestic amateur gardeners. Nevertheless, to maintain the external attractiveness, tropical perennial needs to be provided with decent care, allowing the culture to express itself in full beauty.