A significant part of camellia varieties was obtained as a result of work with Japanese camellia (C. Japonica). Planting and growing the most winter-hardy and unpretentious varieties is recommended for flower beds in open ground and in the garden at the cottage. In bush gardening, both bush and climbing forms of camellia have proven very good, which is not at all difficult to care for.
Winter-hardy varieties and types of camellia
In order to grow a highly decorative and resistant to adverse external factors, flowering plant, you should not only properly approach the issues of choosing a species and variety, but also purchase high-quality planting material that is able to quickly adapt to growing conditions in a new place.
|Pointed (C.cuspidata)||Up to 300 cm high||The leaves are small, dark green in color, with an elongated tip and a bronze tint.||White flowers, up to 3.5 mm in diameter, with wide, layered petals|
|Granham (C.granthamiana)||Up to 300 cm high||The foliage is typically shiny, with very distinct veins on the upper leaf plate||Large flowers, flat, parchment white, with petals turned down|
|Wintering (C.hiemalis)||Height up to 250-350 cm||Leaves with a glossy surface, pronounced dark green staining||The flowers consist of seven petals, white or pink, in diameter up to 6 cm|
|Camellia Luken||Fast-growing and upright, up to 2.0 m||Dim green foliage with a slightly pronounced bronze tint||Small white, very fragrant flowers with a pink tint on the outside|
|Tender (C.chrysantha)||Relatively tall with reddish shoots, bush||The foliage is quite large, very attractive, glossy, with pronounced veins||The flowers are characterized by slightly blurry, golden yellow staining.|
|Oilseed (C.oleifera)||Medium growth shrub or tree||Leaves are relatively shiny, medium green||Flowers are snow-white, very fragrant, large enough|
|Pythard (C.pitardii)||Spreading bush or small tree||Leaves are relatively small, numerous, attractive||Flowers up to 50 mm in diameter, consisting of five to six pink or white petals|
|Reticulated (C.reticulata)||Crohn rare or well leafy||Leaves of leathery type, with a glossy or matte finish||Combines large-flowered varieties relatively late flowering|
|Sasanqua (C.sasanqua)||Fast-growing ornamental plant||Small foliage, glossy, dark green||The flower can be small or medium, with a weak aroma, simple or semi-double, various colors|
|Chinese (C.sinensis)||Shrub with a height of not more than 1.8-3.0 m||Narrow green leaves with distinctive jagged edges||Flowers of white or cream color, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, with a lemon tint|
|Tsai (C.tsaii)||Willow-shaped shrub with a height of not more than 2.0-4.5 m||Falling foliage, glossy, medium green||Five-petalled, fragrant, snow-white numerous flowers|
|Spring (Camelliaхvernalis)||Medium growth bush plant||Leaves are medium green; sizes vary by variety||Depending on the variety, the flowers may have a variety of colors.|
|Williams (Camelliaхwilliamsii)||Popular hybrid mid-size group||Green, relatively large or medium sized foliage||Differs in a variety of shades and plentiful long blooming|
Growing camellia from seeds
Propagation of camellia seeds is not the most popular and common way. breeding of ornamental plants in the conditions of home gardening. Nevertheless, growing from seeds has some undeniable advantages, the main of which is represented by the ability to obtain a plant that is sufficiently resistant to adverse conditions.
Camellias in the garden: views
Fresh seeds prepared for sowing are recommended to be planted in boxes filled with nutritious soil substrate. In the phase, a couple of leaves are picked. It is allowed to plant five seeds in individual containers. It should be read the fact that camellias grown from seeds are capable of losing varietal traits.
In order to properly plant or transplant an ornamental plant, you need to adhere to the main recommendations based on the rules of cultivating garden camellia. Regions with a temperate humid climate are best suited for cultivation. For landing, you need to select a section protected from the wind with some shading.
You can not grow a crop in the open sun and the eastern side of the garden. For bud formation, camellia needs coolness and a short daylight. The optimum temperature for laying flower buds should be 17-20 ° C. At the flowering stage, you should adhere to a temperature of 8-13 ° C.
It is advisable to purchase garden camellia seedlings immediately before planting. You can plant an ornamental plant from the last decade of April to the middle of the first summer month. The minimum age of the seedling must be at least four years. High-quality planting material has powerful and well-developed lignified shoots. It is very important to verify the frost resistance of the plant.
How to plant camellia seeds
Camellia: Care and Gardening
To grow garden camellia is not more difficult than many other decorative street perennials, and all care is reduced to the correct implementation of the following measures:
- at the flowering stage, watering should be done very carefully, preventing water from getting on the flowers and buds;
- in the warm season, an ornamental plant needs regular and fairly plentiful hydration;
- garden shrubs are demanding on the composition and quality indicators of water used for irrigation;
- an open ground plant is especially in need of high-quality top dressing in the spring, at the stage of shoot formation and activation of growth processes;
- fertilizers must be applied until the last summer days, with a frequency of once every two weeks, alternating between organic and mineral compounds;
- It is recommended to transplant the culture once every several years, at the flowering stage, after which pruning is performed;
- so that the plant branches well, the shoots are pinched during transplantation or pruning in mid-autumn, which allows to stimulate the growth of buds in the sinuses;
- For successful wintering in areas with light and short winter frosts, varieties of cold-resistant camellia do not need shelter, and in regions with severe and long winters, it is enough for the plant to provide light, but high-quality shelter.
It is very important to remember that the most frequent mistakes made by beginning gardeners include significant plant penetration during planting and improper soil composition in the growing area. It is best to fill the planting hole with a special substrate based on coniferous soil, peat, crushed tree bark and medium-grained sand.
Climbing garden camellias are decorated with facades, as well as small architectural forms, arbors, verandas and terraces. Experienced domestic flower growers are very well aware of such a plant as balsam. One of the varieties of this decorative culture is also called "Camellia" and has similarities to garden camellia, dyeing flowers and very magnificent, plentiful flowering. These two different plants complement each other perfectly in the landscape and are used to create beautifully flowering and highly decorative compositions.
Since garden camellia of any kind is very tolerant of partial shade, then to protect against the negative effects of direct sunlight, you can use the crowns of garden plantings. When grown as a containerized street culture, camellias look great in large white flower pots that are decorated in appearance with Chinese vases.
Features of growing camellia
With the observance of agricultural technology, ornamental plants rarely get sick, and are practically not affected by plant parasites.