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Camellia in the garden: features of care and rules for growing in open ground


A significant part of camellia varieties was obtained as a result of work with Japanese camellia (C. Japonica). Planting and growing the most winter-hardy and unpretentious varieties is recommended for flower beds in open ground and in the garden at the cottage. In bush gardening, both bush and climbing forms of camellia have proven very good, which is not at all difficult to care for.

Winter-hardy varieties and types of camellia

In order to grow a highly decorative and resistant to adverse external factors, flowering plant, you should not only properly approach the issues of choosing a species and variety, but also purchase high-quality planting material that is able to quickly adapt to growing conditions in a new place.

TitlePlantFoliageBloom
Pointed (C.cuspidata)Up to 300 cm highThe leaves are small, dark green in color, with an elongated tip and a bronze tint.White flowers, up to 3.5 mm in diameter, with wide, layered petals
Granham (C.granthamiana)Up to 300 cm highThe foliage is typically shiny, with very distinct veins on the upper leaf plateLarge flowers, flat, parchment white, with petals turned down
Wintering (C.hiemalis)Height up to 250-350 cmLeaves with a glossy surface, pronounced dark green stainingThe flowers consist of seven petals, white or pink, in diameter up to 6 cm
Camellia LukenFast-growing and upright, up to 2.0 mDim green foliage with a slightly pronounced bronze tintSmall white, very fragrant flowers with a pink tint on the outside
Tender (C.chrysantha)Relatively tall with reddish shoots, bushThe foliage is quite large, very attractive, glossy, with pronounced veinsThe flowers are characterized by slightly blurry, golden yellow staining.
Oilseed (C.oleifera)Medium growth shrub or treeLeaves are relatively shiny, medium greenFlowers are snow-white, very fragrant, large enough
Pythard (C.pitardii)Spreading bush or small treeLeaves are relatively small, numerous, attractiveFlowers up to 50 mm in diameter, consisting of five to six pink or white petals
Reticulated (C.reticulata)Crohn rare or well leafyLeaves of leathery type, with a glossy or matte finishCombines large-flowered varieties relatively late flowering
Sasanqua (C.sasanqua)Fast-growing ornamental plantSmall foliage, glossy, dark greenThe flower can be small or medium, with a weak aroma, simple or semi-double, various colors
Chinese (C.sinensis)Shrub with a height of not more than 1.8-3.0 mNarrow green leaves with distinctive jagged edgesFlowers of white or cream color, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, with a lemon tint
Tsai (C.tsaii)Willow-shaped shrub with a height of not more than 2.0-4.5 mFalling foliage, glossy, medium greenFive-petalled, fragrant, snow-white numerous flowers
Spring (CamelliaŃ…vernalis)Medium growth bush plantLeaves are medium green; sizes vary by varietyDepending on the variety, the flowers may have a variety of colors.
Williams (CamelliaŃ…williamsii)Popular hybrid mid-size groupGreen, relatively large or medium sized foliageDiffers in a variety of shades and plentiful long blooming

Growing camellia from seeds

Propagation of camellia seeds is not the most popular and common way. breeding of ornamental plants in the conditions of home gardening. Nevertheless, growing from seeds has some undeniable advantages, the main of which is represented by the ability to obtain a plant that is sufficiently resistant to adverse conditions.

Camellias in the garden: views

Fresh seeds prepared for sowing are recommended to be planted in boxes filled with nutritious soil substrate. In the phase, a couple of leaves are picked. It is allowed to plant five seeds in individual containers. It should be read the fact that camellias grown from seeds are capable of losing varietal traits.

Outdoor landing

In order to properly plant or transplant an ornamental plant, you need to adhere to the main recommendations based on the rules of cultivating garden camellia. Regions with a temperate humid climate are best suited for cultivation. For landing, you need to select a section protected from the wind with some shading.

You can not grow a crop in the open sun and the eastern side of the garden. For bud formation, camellia needs coolness and a short daylight. The optimum temperature for laying flower buds should be 17-20 ° C. At the flowering stage, you should adhere to a temperature of 8-13 ° C.

It is advisable to purchase garden camellia seedlings immediately before planting. You can plant an ornamental plant from the last decade of April to the middle of the first summer month. The minimum age of the seedling must be at least four years. High-quality planting material has powerful and well-developed lignified shoots. It is very important to verify the frost resistance of the plant.

How to plant camellia seeds

Camellia: Care and Gardening

To grow garden camellia is not more difficult than many other decorative street perennials, and all care is reduced to the correct implementation of the following measures:

  • at the flowering stage, watering should be done very carefully, preventing water from getting on the flowers and buds;
  • in the warm season, an ornamental plant needs regular and fairly plentiful hydration;
  • garden shrubs are demanding on the composition and quality indicators of water used for irrigation;
  • an open ground plant is especially in need of high-quality top dressing in the spring, at the stage of shoot formation and activation of growth processes;
  • fertilizers must be applied until the last summer days, with a frequency of once every two weeks, alternating between organic and mineral compounds;
  • It is recommended to transplant the culture once every several years, at the flowering stage, after which pruning is performed;

  • so that the plant branches well, the shoots are pinched during transplantation or pruning in mid-autumn, which allows to stimulate the growth of buds in the sinuses;
  • For successful wintering in areas with light and short winter frosts, varieties of cold-resistant camellia do not need shelter, and in regions with severe and long winters, it is enough for the plant to provide light, but high-quality shelter.

It is very important to remember that the most frequent mistakes made by beginning gardeners include significant plant penetration during planting and improper soil composition in the growing area. It is best to fill the planting hole with a special substrate based on coniferous soil, peat, crushed tree bark and medium-grained sand.

Landscape design

Climbing garden camellias are decorated with facades, as well as small architectural forms, arbors, verandas and terraces. Experienced domestic flower growers are very well aware of such a plant as balsam. One of the varieties of this decorative culture is also called "Camellia" and has similarities to garden camellia, dyeing flowers and very magnificent, plentiful flowering. These two different plants complement each other perfectly in the landscape and are used to create beautifully flowering and highly decorative compositions.

Since garden camellia of any kind is very tolerant of partial shade, then to protect against the negative effects of direct sunlight, you can use the crowns of garden plantings. When grown as a containerized street culture, camellias look great in large white flower pots that are decorated in appearance with Chinese vases.

Features of growing camellia

With the observance of agricultural technology, ornamental plants rarely get sick, and are practically not affected by plant parasites.