Dieffenbachia (dieffenbachia) is a very effective ornamental plant, which is successfully grown at home not only by experienced but also amateur beginners. The homeland of Dieffenbachia is tropical rainforests; therefore, an ornamental plant is very difficult to tolerate overdrying of soil or air.
This genus of plants, according to various sources, includes about thirty to forty species of perennial rhizome grasses, and various species, as well as varieties and hybrid forms of dieffenbachia, differing in staining of foliage and sizes of the aerial part are currently known. Numerous reviews and a botanical description characterize this indoor flower as unpretentious. Ornamental plant grows well even with some errors in care. The bush and variegated form, very popular in our country, is the best option for decorating a room interior.
How to care for dieffenbachia
The large-leaved variety (Dieffenbachia macrophylla) belongs to the category of the most ornamental crops. and has a strong stem part up to a meter high. The foliage is dark green, from oblong-ovate to wide-ovoid. The length of the sheet can vary between 40-60 cm with a width of 20-40 cm. The base is small, heart-shaped or rounded. A feature of foliage is the average level of leatheriness, with the presence of a fairly thick vein.
Dieffenbachia Leopold (Dieffenbachia leopoldii) is characterized as an ornamental plant with a very short stem part. As a rule, the average stem length does not exceed five to six centimeters, with a diameter of not more than 20 mm. The foliage is dark green, sitting on light green petioles. The average leaf length rarely exceeds 35 cm, with a width of 10-15 cm. The central part of the leaves has a fairly pronounced white stain.
A feature of Dieffenbachia seguine Dieffenbachia is a strong and powerful stem part with large oblong-ovate leavesoften reaching a length of 50-60 cm long. On dark green foliage there is a creamy or white, marbled type of pattern that runs along the lateral vein.
Dieffenbachia is lovely or Dieffenbachia is pleasant
Dieffenbachia (Amoena) or charming is highly appreciated by flower growers due to its unpretentiousness and stability when grown in indoor floriculture. It is this type that can very easily tolerate shading, as well as low humidity and high temperature conditions in rooms, with the presence of central heating.
The height of Dieffenbachia pleasant does not exceed one and a half meters. The plant has a fairly uniform staining of dark green foliage. The leaves are oval, with the presence of white stripes along the veins. The average length of the sheet is about 50-60 cm.
Dieffenbachia motley or colored
Feature (Dieffenbachia picta) is rapid growth. Decorative culture is widespread due to its high decorative qualities. The aboveground part reaches a height of a couple of meters. The plant has fairly large leaves. The foliage of the plant is bright green, oval in shape, covered with a spectacular pattern composed of white stripes and spots. The average sizes of the leaf length exceed 25-40 cm with an average width of not more than 10-15 cm.
Quite popular look Dieffenbachia maculata is characterized by relative short stature. The average height of an adult specimen does not exceed one meter. The foliage is relatively large, has a dark or light green color, oblong shape, with characteristic pointed ends. The average length does not exceed 45-50 cm with a width of 10-12 cm.
The leaf surface is characterized by the presence of numerous white and yellow spots, as well as colored lateral veins, the number of which can be fifteen. It is this species that is fundamental and served as the basis for obtaining a significant number of modern varieties and hybrid forms. The most popular varieties of this species are represented by "Camilla" and "Exotic".
For the species Oersted or Oerstedii is characterized by the presence of foliage of a purely green color. The leaves may be pointed or closer to the heart shape. On the leaf plates, the central vein is very distinctly distinguished. A small amount, relatively small in size, of light spots is allowed. The average length is between 30-35 cm. The most famous hybrid of this type of decorative culture is the Green Magic.
Dieffenbachia is magnificent
View magnifica is a light green variety. A distinctive feature of this species is the presence of clearly distinguishable, different in size, white dots on leaf plates and petioles.
D. bowmannii or Dieffenbachia Bauman - a plant that has the largest leaf blades. The average leaf length can exceed 60-70 cm. The foliage has a dark green color with small, light green blotches.
Shrub species and varieties
For bush species, a peculiar botanical description is characteristic, which makes them very attractive for cultivation at home:
- variety "Compact" with a compact aerial part no more than 55-65 cm high. The leaves are located on shortened petioles and have very characteristic varieties, contrasting veins and interspersed with white staining;
- grade "Camilla", characterized by the presence of light, almost white in coloring of leaf plates and quite pronounced, bright green bordering.
The most unsurpassed species grown in pot culture include low-growing bush dieffenbachia, including the W.Bull variety with a white central vein on bright green foliage and the hybrid hybrid Green Magic form with light foliage with dark fringing.
The most popular varieties of Dieffenbachia
Very popular in our country several varieties of Dieffenbachia, which are perfectly adapted to indoor cultivation and do not create problems during cultivation even for beginner amateur gardeners:
- a variety called "Tropic Snow" is a popular variety of Dieffenbachia characterized by a predominance of white staining on foliage;
- in room culture among domestic florists, variegated varieties of ornamental plants with large white spots, represented by varieties Mix and Tropic Snow, whose height is not more than 75-80 cm;
- Variety "Reflector" is characterized by "camouflage" staining of the foliage and the presence of a clearly defined white strip that runs in the middle of the leaf plate.
Of particular interest among amateur gardeners is also the variety White Fleim or "White Flame"which has a relative short stature and has a whitish-light green core resembling flame or tongues of fire.
Features of Dieffenbachia
It is very difficult to overestimate all the advantages of using Dieffenbachia in interior design, but the signs and superstitions associated with the plant characterize the culture as a “husband”, which supposedly contributes to a sharp decrease in male power. Among other things, Dieffenbachia, like euphorbia, is quite poisonous, and raising it in a house with children and animals is quite dangerous.
A tropical plant is very difficult to tolerate direct sun and deep shade, cold drafts and lower temperature conditions in the growing room below 14-15 ° C. The variegation of foliage is able to maintain its saturation in the presence of bright, but diffused, sunlight or artificial light. For full growth and development, you need a temperature of 18-25 ° C and high-quality soil. The plant needs water, but does not tolerate waterlogging.
Dieffembachia: a dangerous plant
Many amateur gardeners prefer Dieffenbachia because they value the beneficial properties of this decorative room culture very highly. The use of the plant is due to the chemical composition, which helps to improve the indoor microclimate and facilitates the condition of people suffering from allergies or respiratory system diseases. It is important to note that already with age Dieffenbachia acquires a palm-like appearance, which not all flower growers like, but is a characteristic feature of almost all types of this ornamental plant.