Tradescantia (Tradescantia) belongs to the genus of evergreen and herbaceous perennials from the Commeline family. The genus includes not only well-known indoor species, but also popular plants grown in open ground and used in landscape design.
All types of tradescantia are perennial herbaceous plants.with relatively thin, creeping-type stems, which are very easily rooted in nodes. The foliage of the plant is rather small, oblong and pointed. The main color of the foliage is green or green with white or yellow stripes. The surface of the leaves can be both smooth and pubescent. Variegated species isolated in the genus Zebrina (Zebrina).
Flowering is quite plentiful. The plant forms flowers of purple, reddish, deep blue, blue or white. The flowers are collected in simple type, umbrella-shaped or paniculate inflorescences. Rarely can a flower be solitary. The corolla of a flower can have three petals. Flowering is observed from the first decade of summer until the onset of autumn, which guarantees long and continuous flowering.
Species and varieties
To date, about a hundred species of this ornamental plant are known, but in the conditions of home gardening, only a few of them are most widespread. All varieties and species differ in size and shape of shoots, as well as the appearance and coloring of flowers and the duration of flowering. A long-term culture is quite unpretentious, and its cultivation in open ground conditions makes it very easy to create interesting and spectacular floral arrangements.
|View name||Grade name||Plant description|
|Tradescantia virginiana (Tradescantia virginiana)||Coerulea||Shoots with green, medium-sized leaves. Gentle blue flowers|
|Rubra||Relatively powerful shoots with emerald lanceolate leaves. Flowers of small size, ruby-reddish staining|
|Atrorubra||Highly decorative variety with attractive pale green foliage. Saturated bright red flowers|
|Rosea||Shade-tolerant variety with characteristic green foliage. Gentle pinkish flowers|
|Tradescantia Anderson (Tradescantia x andersoniana)||J.G. Veguelin||The height of the plant varies between 50-70 cm, the flowers are sky blue, very large, bright, with raspberry-purple pedicels. Leaves have a bluish plaque|
|Iris||The variety is characterized by bright green foliage and prolonged flowering with flowers of densely blue staining.|
|Bilberry ice||A plant up to 50 cm tall, with large, raspberry-pink flowers with a rim along the edges of white petals|
|Blue and gold||Flowers of purple color, medium size, with leaves and stems of golden yellow or reddish yellow|
|Blue stone||60-70 cm tall plant with green leaves and blue-blue flowers slightly corrugated along the edge|
|Concord grape||Powerful and tall plant with bluish-gray foliage and very small, numerous purple-purple flowers|
|Osprey||A plant up to 70 cm tall, with white, very large flowers and slightly wavy petals|
|Pink chables||The foliage is green, the flowers are light pink in color. A white border and bright pink stamens are observed.|
|Purple profusion||The stems form a rounded bush with a height of 45-55 cm, with dark purple staining with flowers|
|Annie||Stems up to 30-40 cm tall, with green leaves and large flowers of raspberry pink color with rounded and slightly corrugated petals|
Amateur domestic flower growers most often grow the following popular varieties and hybrid forms of garden tradescantia:
- white-flowered cultivars White Chrysalis and Innocence;
- white-flowered variety with golden foliage "Angelik Sharm";
- purple-flowering cultivar "Carmiglut";
- grade "Ruddy bride" with orchid-like pale-pearl staining flowers;
- lilaciflora variety "Sunshine Charm" with yellow-green leaves;
- variety with terry blue flowers "Max Double".
Tradescantia garden: characteristic
Planting a long-term tradescantia in open flower beds should be carried out in accordance with the following recommendations:
- tradescantia of open ground needs a very sunny or with light partial shade, without through and gusty winds;
- optimal is the cultivation of decorative culture near ponds;
- the soil at the site for growing tradescantia should be fertile, fairly light, with slightly acid indicators;
- the soil in flower beds should be not only light in composition, but also have optimal air permeability and water permeability;
- the best for growing tradescantia is the composition of the soil on the basis of turf and sheet land, sand and humus.
It is important to note that in addition to aesthetic qualities, almost all types of tradescantia favorably differ in the presence of the following medicinal properties:
- antibacterial effect;
- beneficial effect on the respiratory system;
- prevention of colds;
- treatment and prevention of periodontal disease;
- prevention of certain gastrointestinal diseases;
- prevention and treatment of furunculosis.
Thus, the cultivation of a garden tradescantion is a very useful activity and not particularly difficult. Street decorative culture practically does not cause problems for gardeners, is frost-resistant, and is extremely rarely damaged by pests and pathogenic microflora.
Decorative culture is not demanding in care, but to maintain external attractiveness certain conditions must be observed for optimal growth and flowering, especially this rule applies to soil composition and moisture indicators:
- in moderate and warm climatic conditions, garden tradescans are able to winter in open ground without the use of shelter;
- in cold climatic conditions, and in low-snow regions with low temperature indicators, plants require shelter with polyethylene;
- Before using a film shelter, the root system of the tradescant should be insulated with a layer of moss or any other insulation;
- after flowering, it is recommended to cut flower stalks, and mulch the soil around the bush with peat crumbs and warm with fir spruce branches;
How to plant tradescantia
- in the summer, garden tradescantias, regardless of variety, need sufficient, plentiful watering, and the soil should be constantly moistened;
- in the late autumn period, watering should be gradually reduced;
- insufficient irrigation measures often cause a slowdown in growth processes, lack of flowering and the death of decorative culture;
- for full growth and development, a garden plant needs moderate humidity, but on too hot days, in the evening, the aerial parts are sprayed;
- in the early spring it is very important to carry out the first feeding of the garden tradescantion with complex fertilizers for flowering crops;
- the second top dressing is carried out at the stage of budding.
Regularly need to conduct a careful inspection of flower plantations and, if necessary, treat tradescantia with insect-fungicidal compounds.
Currently, gardeners know three main ways to propagate a garden tradescantia cultivated in open ground:
- cuttings are cut from young shoots and must have at least three growth points;
- the best rooting period is the period from the beginning of spring to the beginning of summer, which allows the cuttings to take root, grow well and easily tolerate winter frosts;
- cuttings are planted in well-moistened and light soil, which consists of turf, leafy soil and coarse sand;
- the rooting period is about three weeks in greenhouse conditions, at a temperature of 22-24 ° C and regular watering;
- propagation of the garden tradescantia by division of the rhizome can be carried out from the first decade of spring to mid-summer by dividing the root system of the plant into several parts.
Less common or more labor intensive is seed propagation. This method is characterized by low germination and lack of guarantee of preservation of varietal characters. Fresh seeds are sown in the early spring or late autumn with a distance of a couple of centimeters. The average distance between the rows should be approximately ten centimeters. After the appearance of a pair of real leaves, seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place. With this method of propagation, flowering occurs in about two to three years.
Garden tradescantia are highly esthetically attractive during the period of active flowering, which makes it possible to use this popular perennial culture, represented by a large selection of varieties, for decorating flower beds and flower beds. Also, tradescantia are excellent for cultivation by individual plants or in combination with perennials such as hosta, on the shores of artificial or natural reservoirs in a garden.
It is not recommended to plant plants near the street tradescantia that react poorly to too much moisture in the soil and an increase in air humidity. In addition, it is important to remember that poorly-preserved bushes of a tall-growing tradescantia can create problems in the open flower garden, which is due to the high risk of lodging of the ornamental plant after heavy watering or prolonged rains, and in too dark areas the shoots can lose stability and stretch out.
Garden Decoration: Tradescantia
To preserve the decorativeness of the tradescantion, it is possible to pinch or trim the aerial parts of the plant. You need to pinch and crop a little annually. Plant transplantation also gives a good result.